Buying Guide: Ideal Depth and Table for Round Cut Diamonds

The Round Diamond Buying Guide

When you set out to buy a diamond--be it for an engagement ring, an anniversary necklace, or a pair of earrings to celebrate a graduation--there’s quite a bit more to consider than just how shiny it is. Diamonds are cut to very detailed specifications, and the proper cut can make all the difference between a breathtaking stone and a lackluster one.

Let’s say you’re on the hunt for a round cut diamond: do you know how this diamond should look? It should be beautiful, of course, and round, as the name suggests. But what do you know about the clarity, the color, the depth, or the table? If all these words have you puzzled, don’t worry. We’re here to help you find the ideal diamond!

Depth and Table: What are They?

As we mentioned before, there’s quite a bit that makes a round cut really special. Right now, we’re going to talk about the ideal depth and table for round diamonds. You may be wondering what a table has to do with diamond rings; in actuality, the table is the name for the largest facet of the diamond found on the very top surface, so called because it is flat like a table.

round cut loose diamond 

Tables are measured in percentages. Dividing the width of the table by the overall width of the diamond, you can find the table percentage. These percentages are helpful when you’re working with diamonds of various carat sizes, because you will be able to find the most ideal cut at any size. Essentially, anything between 50 and 69 percent is considered alright.

However, the most ideal table percentages are between 60 and 54 percent. At this proportion, the table is large enough to allow light to enter the stone at the correct angles to reflect and refract off the smaller facets below. Any larger or smaller and the light entering the stone doesn’t hit the ideal angles for maximum fire and brilliance.

Depth is an important feature, for both cut quality and for those of us looking to make a modest diamond appear a bit bigger. In its simplest sense, the depth is the distance from the table to the culet, or point, of the diamond. When discussing depth in terms of cut quality, it is described in percentages, like the table. To find the depth percentage, divide the diamond’s physical depth measurement by its width. Also, depth is deemed acceptable within a certain range, with any value between 56.5 and 65 percent considered good. However, the ideal depth is between 62.9 and 59.5 percent.

For those of us also looking to get the largest size out of a diamond, depth matters in terms of where the weight of the stone is located. The lower the depth, the larger the diamond will appear when viewed from above, as more of the weight is located in the crown, or top, of the diamond. Because of this, some people prefer to stay on the lower end of the ideal range, looking for depth percentages between 59 and 60 percent.

round cut loose diamond

History of the Round Diamond

The round cut diamond is one of the more popular shapes available today. In fact, round cuts account for about 75 percent of all diamonds sold worldwide. They are also one of the oldest diamond shapes; the invention of the bruting machine in the 1800s made it easier to make diamonds circular, giving the round shape a boost in popularity. And while the Old European has evolved into a modern Round Brilliant, the basic idea hasn’t changed for hundreds of years.

With 58 facets along the pavillion, or lower portion, of the diamond, the round brilliant cut tops the list for the most facets of any diamond shape. This causes the stone to catch the light brilliantly and gives it exceptional fire and brilliance (the jeweler’s term for the flashes of color and sparkle that we all want to see). For these reasons, a round cut diamond makes for an excellent choice to highlight any piece of jewelry. And with our tips, you can be sure that you will find the most beautiful round cut diamond available.

History of the Round Diamond

Make All the Difference

As you shop for the perfect diamond, don’t forget to ask your diamond and jewelry expert about the table and depth of the diamonds you see. These little details make a big difference when it comes to finding the right stone for your jewelry.

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